It was the death in September of a 22-year-old woman, Mahsa Amini that ignited the boldest challenge to the hardline theocratic rule of the country’s clerics. Protesters in several Spanish cities including Madrid and Barcelona were due to hold competing rallies for International Women’s Day, reflecting divisions within the feminist movement over trans rights and the prohibition of prostitution. Britain also announced a package of sanctions against what it described as “global violators of women’s rights”. One sunny morning in Tehran, Neda was about to leave her apartment when she decided to make an extraordinary change to a very ordinary day. Sign up to receive expert analyses from our community on the most important global issues, rapid insights on events as they unfold, and highlights of the Council’s best work. Officials say they are reviewing the enforcement rules and plan to announce updated measures.

They’re all on Snapchat and can peer into the lives of their cousins around the world, acutely aware they’re the only ones who have to wear a school uniform that includes a hooded headscarf, as though they are Benedictine nuns. Nowadays in Iran, women drop their hijabs to show their solidarity with protesters. To learn more about the plight of women in Iran and whether their discontent poses a threat to the regime, read our analysis of last year’s protests and our forecast of how they might play out this year.

  • Under Reza Shah’s successor Mohammad Reza Shah many more significant reforms were introduced.
  • Women have been at the forefront of various political and social movements in Iran from the late 19th century.
  • “Iranian people are not backing down. The Iranian Regime has miscalculated their resolve for changing this regime, and we’re asking the White House to do the same,” demonstrator Ramesh Sepehrrad told the D.C.
  • Per the AP News, Shekari’s lawyer attempted to appeal his death sentence but was denied, and after the execution, which was not public, state news television aired another highly edited package of courtroom footage from the trial.

Many young and middle-aged women received this punishment—a striking example of the state practicing corporal violence against women. The authorities recently shut down two pharmacies, one in Tehran and another in the northern city of Amol, after female employees were reported for not wearing a hijab. And in the religious city of Qum, they reprimanded the manager of a bank for catering to clients without hijabs. The judiciary has also opened a case against Ms. Kazempour, the engineer, according to Iranian news reports. Last Thursday, the South Carolina Supreme Court struck down the state’s “Fetal Heartbeat and Protection from Abortion Act” in a three to two decision.

Chemical Attacks Continue On Students In Iran As Regime Blames The West

Because of information blackouts, it is impossible to know just how many people have been active in the movement so far. As the sociologist Mohammad Ali Kadivar has noted, however, today’s movement has attracted far broader support than other recent protests, both in the streets and from key sectors of Iranian society. Beyond reformists, students, and intellectuals in major cities, the movement has engaged diverse bases of support from oil workers to prominent athletes and artists to merchants from Tehran’s bazaar.


Unemployment, especially in married men, job insecurity which raises stress in work place and financial problem are effective in this regards. But they believed that be too wealthy is also not good and money is Double-edged sword.

Iran seeks the release of Assadollah Assadi, sentenced in Belgium in 2021 over an unsuccessful 2018 bomb plot. The developments come amid struggling efforts to revive the landmark 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers that eased international economic sanctions in exchange for limits on Tehran’s nuclear program. Iran has announced the discovery of a large deposit of lithium, a key component of batteries for electric vehicles and electronic devices, state media reported on March 4.

During those same months, the morality police escalated attacks on young women for “improper hijab,” accusing them of insufficiently covering their hair or other body areas. The current unrest broke out in the wake of several smaller uprisings over the past several years. In 2017, young women began a series of anti-hijab protests in which they posted selfies on social media that showed them unveiling in public. In September 2019, a young woman, Sahar Khodayari, died after setting herself on fire to protest a prohibition on women attending soccer matches. Later in 2019 and in 2020, demonstrations over gasoline prices grew into nationwide anti-government protests concentrated reed about iranian women features reed about in smaller cities and rural areas. However, these two types of protests, one prompted by gender apartheid and the other stemming from economic grievances, remained largely separate.

That early protest against the state-imposed dress code led to years of socioeconomic marginalization of women who rejected the imposition of compulsory hijab. Many well-educated Iranian women, including doctors, nurses, and teachers, lost their jobs as a result of their involvement in that pioneering protest. Sara Bazoobandi argues that women’s struggle for freedom of choice began decades before the most recent protests launched in the aftermath of Mahsa Amini’s death, and she details the early history of women’s resistance to the regime. Thus, by tracing the historical roots of current unrest, Bazoobandi argues that Iranian protesters’ current rejection of the headscarf does not necessarily mean a rejection of Islam, or Islamic values.